Nature Photography is a very broad subject. It covers everything from the tiniest insect to the immenseness of the outside. Any of nature’s beauty that can be seen by the eye can be captured by the camera. Although nothing beats viewing nature’s wonders in person, a skilled nature photographer can produce images that will be enjoyed. Photographing nature involves more than just pointing the camera and shooting. It not only necessary to know your equipment, but you also must know your subject. A good nature photographer studies his subject in detail.
Nature Photography Requires Preparation and Planning
The subject, be it insect or animal, must be studied in advance of the actual shooting. For instance, if it is a bird, study its nesting and eating habits. If it is an animal when does it come on the scene and what are its habits? Some shots may require weeks of study and waiting.
Whatever the subject you must consider light, and its effect on color, texture, and contrast. You must know the effect of the light on varying subjects at various times of the day. Mid-day light can be hard to handle due to high contrasts. Both early morning light and evening light are warm, but the morning light tends toward yellow, and the evening light tends toward red. The effect of various types of light on your subject can be enormous. As you can see, you must capture your shot at the most advantageous time of day.
Great Nature Photography of Landscapes Requires Attention to Detail
If you are shooting landscapes include something in the foreground that will give perspective. Including something in the background as well will give depth to landscape pictures. Such shots will require a small aperture to give focus to both the foreground and background. Some subjects require a certain perspective. Small items require that a shot be made close in-very close. It is hard to get too close. Your object should fill the frame. Many new nature photographers shoot and then find that their subject is barely visible. Getting in close will remedy this.
Sometimes there is no way to properly fill the frame without good telephoto equipment. If you are photographing without such lenses get in close, then get closer. The only way you can get too close is if your image overlaps the frame. With some small items that is hard to do.
Nature Photography and Your Equipment
To get nice sharp shots use a tripod. It is particularly necessary to use a tripod if you are using a telephoto lens. In the absence of a tripod prop the camera against a hard stationary object such as a tree or a rock. As in any type of photography, composition is important. Most subjects should not be placed dead center of the shot. Experiment with differing placements choosing whatever placement looks best.
Nature Photography and Taking Good Notes
Whatever type of nature photography you like best, experiment with shutter speed and f-stops. This will give you experience and a better understanding of your camera. Keep a journal of the settings you use for various types of shots under various conditions. You will then be able to reconstruct the effect you want for future shots. Nature Photography requires a love of nature. If you have this you are already on your way to getting good photographs.